Glossary

Arrival: Entry of the vessel at a port to cargo loading or unloading, or to avoid any danger.
Passengers on Arrival: Total number of people traveling on a cruise ship at the time of port arrival, excluding the vessel crew.
Barge: A flat-bottomed boat, uncovered and without engines and locomotion, used for maritime or inland waterway cargo transportation, suitable for short-distance or coastal navigation.
Cabotage Port: A port used for trade operations between a nation´s ports.
Cargo: Freight or set of goods or merchandise loaded, stowed and carried by a ship from one port to another.
Cargo Type: The segment of merchandise moved through ports according to its shape and physical characteristics (General, Containerized, Ro-Ro, General, Liquid Bulk, Solid Bulk, Others).
Containership: A specialized vessel for the transportation of containers.
Container: A box specially built to move cargo with a re-usable nature. It can handle merchandise to be transported from point-to-point as a unit.
Containerized Cargo: Freight handled in containers loaded or unloaded by a crane.
Conventional Vessel: A vessel that mainly transports general cargo and eventually other type of cargo.
Crew: Traveler who, on board the vessel or aircraft, performs activities directly related to its management, administration, maintenance and services.
Cruise Ship: Type of vessel designed for passengers’ transportation, which makes tourist or pleasure trips with previously established port of calls in one or more countries, ports and / or specialized terminals.
Disembarked Passengers: Those tourists who leave a cruise ship temporarily or permanently.
Dock: To bring in a vessel to tie up at a dock or wharf berth.
Draft: It is the submerged depth of a vessel in the water. In a port, it is the height of the water surface over the bottom.
Embarked Passengers: Tourists returning to the cruise after temporarily disembarking or those who start their journey in that port.
Foreign Trade: Export and import trade of goods and services of a country with other countries.
Gas Tanker: A specialized vessel for the transportation of liquefied gas.
Breakbulk Cargo: Cargo presented in solid, liquid or gaseous state and that being packed or unpacked can be treated as a unit and it is loaded or unloaded using a crane.
Intermodal Transportation: It uses at least two modes of transportation without a single responsibility towards the user, who can act against one or another of the carriers.
Lift on Lift off (Lo – Lo): Loading and unloading of cargo by a crane.
Liquid Bulk Cargo: Liquids loaded or unloaded through pipes and / or hoses.
Liquid Bulk Vessel: A specialized vessel for the transportation of liquid products such as chemicals, oils or grease of vegetable, animal and / or mineral origin and oil products.
Loading: Embarking of merchandise on the means of transport, leaving the customs jurisdiction with destination abroad or to other Customs in the country.
Local Cargo: Embarking or disembarking of a container or trailer box, empty or loaded, which is not transit or transshipment.
Maritime Port: Set of land, maritime waters and facilities on the sea shore having physical, natural or artificial and organizational conditions for carrying out port traffic operations and it is used for the development of these activities by the competent administration.
Metric Ton: A unit of mass equivalent to 1000 kg (approximately 2,500 pounds)
Multimodal Transportation: It uses at least two modes of transportation upon a single contract with an exclusive responsibility of a Multimodal Transport Operator (MTO).
National Port System: The set of natural or legal persons, assets, infrastructures, ports, terminals and port facilities public and / or private, located in a territory.
Oil Tanker: An exclusive vessel for the bulk transportation of crude oil.
Oil Terminal: Maritime and port facility mostly dedicated to the management of products related to the petroleum industry.
Other Cargo: Cargo that is not classified in other definitions in this glossary and does not represent a significant volume.
Other Vessels: Cargo vessels not classified in other definitions in this glossary, carry foreign trade cargo and do not represent a significant volume.
Passenger: A person traveling on a vessel without belonging to the crew.
Port Operations: The entry, leaving, anchoring, berthing, undocking, mooring, unmooring and permanence of vessels in the territorial scope of a port.
Port Terminal: Port operational units enabled to provide modal exchange and port services which includes infrastructure, temporary storage areas and internal transportation routes.
Port: Geographic location and economic unit of an area where the terminals, infrastructures and facilities, terrestrial and aquatic, natural or artificial, are located and conditioned for the development of port activities.
Reefer: A vessel conditioned to carry goods in storerooms with low temperatures for preserving it.
Ro–Ro Vessel: A vessel designed to transport trailers and vehicles that are loaded and unloaded using a maritime-overland transport ramp.
Roll on Roll off (Ro–Ro): Rolling transfer operation.
Ro-Ro Cargo: A cargo that is loaded or unloaded on a rolling surface using a maritime-overland transport ramp, through which, highway vehicles, trailers or trucks on their own wheels or on added wheels for that purpose are transported.
Seaboard: Coast of a sea, country or territory; coastline.
Solid Bulk Cargo: Solid product mobilized without canister or packaging, loaded or unloaded by crane.
Solid Bulk Vessel: A specialized vessel for the transportation of solid bulk products.
Terminal: The unit established inside or outside a port made up of infrastructure, facilities and surfaces, including its marine area that allows the entire performance of the intended port operation.
TEU: Standardized unit based on a twenty-foot long ISO container (6.10 meters) that is used as a statistical measure of traffic flows or capacities. A 40ft ISO Series 1 standard container equals 2 TEUs. Mobile boxes with less than 20 feet correspond to 0.75 TEU, those longer than 20 feet but shorter than 40 feet are 1.5 TEU and those longer than 40 feet are 2.25 TEU.
Tourist Terminal: Port facility mostly dedicated to the attention of tourist cruises, passengers, yachts and aquatic-recreational activities.
Trailer/Box: A large transport vehicle made up of a box or structure for moving cargo on wheels and without its own driving force, designed to be towed by a truck or tractor.
Transit: Movement of foreign merchandise (through a country) that is part of a total journey started abroad and it is completed outside the territory boundaries, by other means of transportation different to maritime.
Transshipment: It consist of transferring unloaded cargo (especially containers and trailers) at a port terminal and re-embark it afterward on a different vessel. However, in those places where geography or infrastructure allows it, this operation can be complemented by a land transport mode (E.g. Rail) that allows the movement of cargo to another port, sometimes located far from the first, in order to finally be transported on a vessel.
Unloading/Offloading: Action of disembarking from the means of transportation, in which merchandise arrived at the customs area, from abroad or from other Customs in the country.